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CentOS6.4 安装VirtualBox

WinJay
2013-08-07 / 0 评论 / 0 点赞 / 83 阅读 / 5,352 字 / 正在检测是否收录...
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1 检查系统内核版本

[root@Jeffery]# uname -a

Linux Jeffery 2.6.32-358.14.1.el6.x86_64 #1 SMP Tue Jul 16 23:51:20 UTC 2013 x86_64 x86_64 x86_64 GNU/Linux



2 安装软件环境

[root@Jeffery]# yum install gcc

[root@Jeffery]# yum install kernel-devel

[root@Jeffery]# yum install kernel-headers

注:这步执行后的版kernel-devel和kernel-headers 的版本为


Package Arch Version Repository Size


Installing:

kernel-devel x86_64 2.6.18-308.16.1.el5 updates 5.7 M

Transaction Summary


Install 1 Package(s)

Upgrade 0 Package(s)



3 升级系统内核

注:如果不升级内核的话,那么”kernel-devel和kernel-headers”与kenerl内核的版本不一致在第一步uname -a我们看到内核版本为2.6.18-194.el5

[root@Jeffery]# yum install kernel

Loaded plugins: fastestmirror

Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile

* base: mirrors.163.com

* extras: mirrors.163.com

* updates: mirrors.163.com

Setting up Install Process

Resolving Dependencies

–> Running transaction check

—> Package kernel.x86_64 0:2.6.18-308.16.1.el5 set to be installed

–> Finished Dependency Resolution

Dependencies Resolved


Package Arch Version Repository Size


Installing:

kernel x86_64 2.6.18-308.16.1.el5 updates 21 M

Transaction Summary


Install 1 Package(s)

Upgrade 0 Package(s)

Total download size: 21 M

Is this ok [y/N]: y

Downloading Packages:

kernel-2.6.18-308.16.1.el5.x86_64.rpm | 21 MB 00:20

Running rpm_check_debug

Running Transaction Test

Finished Transaction Test

Transaction Test Succeeded

Running Transaction

Installing : kernel 1/1

Installed:

kernel.x86_64 0:2.6.18-308.16.1.el5

Complete!

升级完了内核,现在在来看下内核的版本变更过来了没有

[root@Jeffery]# uname -a

Linux Jeffery 2.6.32-358.14.1.el6.x86_64 #1 SMP Tue Jul 16 23:51:20 UTC 2013 x86_64 x86_64 x86_64 GNU/Linux

还是没有变过来,这里要注意了。升级内核后一定要重启linux
4 安装软件包

[root@Jeffery]# rpm -ivh dkms-2.2.0.3-1.noarch.rpm

Preparing… ########################################### [100%]

1:dkms ########################################### [100%]

[root@Jeffery]# rpm -ivh VirtualBox-4.2-4.2.16_86992_el6-1.x86_64.rpm

warning: VirtualBox-4.1-4.1.10_76795_rhel5-1.x86_64.rpm: Header V4 DSA signature: NOKEY, key ID 98ab5139

Preparing… ########################################### [100%]

1:VirtualBox-4.1 ########################################### [100%]

注:先要安装dkms在装virtualbox,要不然会报错,会说你缺少依赖包

5 启动virtualbox

[root@Jeffery]# /etc/init.d/vboxdrv setup

Stopping VirtualBox kernel modules [确定]

Uninstalling old VirtualBox DKMS kernel modules [确定]

Trying to register the VirtualBox kernel modules using DKMSError! echo

Your kernel headers for kernel 2.6.18-194.el5 cannot be found at

/lib/modules/2.6.18-194.el5/build or /lib/modules/2.6.18-194.el5/source.

[失败]

(Failed, trying without DKMS)

Recompiling VirtualBox kernel modules [失败]

失败了,为么呢?就是内核的原因,都说要重启了,看下grub配置文件

[root@Jeffery]# vim /boot/grub/grub.conf

# grub.conf generated by anaconda

#

# Note that you do not have to rerun grub after making changes to this file

# NOTICE: You have a /boot partition. This means that

# all kernel and initrd paths are relative to /boot/, eg.

# root (hd0,0)

# kernel /vmlinuz-version ro root=/dev/sdb6

# initrd /initrd-version.img

#boot=/dev/sda

default=0

timeout=5

splashimage=(hd0,0)/grub/splash.xpm.gz

hiddenmenu

initrd /initrd-2.6.18-308.16.1.el5.img

这呢,虽然没重启但是也排在了首位,那么重启下看看

[root@Jeffery]# reboot

[root@Jeffery]# uname -a

Linux Jeffery 2.6.32-358.14.1.el6.x86_64 #1 SMP Tue Jul 16 23:51:20 UTC 2013 x86_64 x86_64 x86_64 GNU/Linux

[[root@Jeffery]# /etc/init.d/vboxdrv setup
Stopping VirtualBox kernel modules [确定]
Uninstalling old VirtualBox DKMS kernel modules [确定]
Trying to register the VirtualBox kernel modules using DKMS [确定]
Starting VirtualBox kernel modules [确定]

看,VirtualBox 起来了

到此,virtualbox安装结束。啥?不知道咋用?问谷老师去。_linux

以上资料摘自互联网,加自己安装操作中整理。VirtualBox及dkms-2.2.0.3-1.noarch.rpm均在网上下的安装装,源里面没有啊。。。

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